Fairfax (pop. 638) is located on Hwy 59 in the southeastern quadrant of Atchison County. Fairfax is home to the county's major health facility, Community Hospital - Fairfax, which moved to its new location September 2010. Charming and friendly, Fairfax has a wonderful city park in the center of town where the Fairfax Fair takes place each year.
The Fairfax R-III School District (K-12) cooperates with Tarkio as the East Atchison Wolves for athletics. Active groups in Fairfax include the Fairfax Kiwanis Club and the Fairfax Optimist Club.